No Is Not Enough

“This is how we got to this surreal political moment. It is also an attempt to predict how, under cover of shocks and crises, it could get a lot worse. And it’s a plan for how, we might just be able to flip the script and arrive at a radically better future.”

Book Notes
























John Trudell: “I’m not looking to overthrow …”

  • Independent Television Service, “Trudell,” press release for documentary Trudell,, accessed April 24, 2017, Source.


Kellyanne Conway: “shock to the system”

  • Kellyanne Conway, tweet, posted by @KellyannePolls, January 27, 2017, Source.

Halina Bortnowska: “the difference between dog years and human years …”

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 217.

Donald Trump: “torture works”

  • Arlette Saenz, “President Trump Tells ABC News’ David Muir He ‘Absolutely’ Thinks Waterboarding Works,” ABC News online, January 25, 2017, Source.

Steve Bannon: “deconstruction of the administrative state …”

  • Philip Rucker, “Bannon: Trump Administration Is in Unending Battle for ‘Deconstruction of the Administrative State,’”, Februrary 23, 2017, Source.

Lawsuit alleging “emolument” from foreign governments

  • Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), “CREW Sues Trump Over Emoluments,” press release, January 22, 2017, Source.

Donald Trump: “the feds” in Chicago

  • Donald Trump, tweet, posted by @realDonaldTrump, January 25, 2017, Source.

César Aira: “Any change is a change in the topic”

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007).

UK’s Conservative government: become a tax haven for all of Europe

  • Adam Bienkov, “Theresa May ‘Stands Ready’ to Turn Britain into a Tax Haven after Brexit,” Business Insider, January 16, 2017, Source.
  • “Von Olaf Gersemann and Ileana Grabitz. FULL INTERVIEW: Philip Hammond Suggests Britain Could Become a ‘Tax Haven’ after Brexit,” Welt via Business Insider, January 16, 2017, Source.
  • “Brexit: George Osborne Says Tax Rises and Spending Cuts Needed,”, June 23, 2016, Source.

Donald Rumsfeld: “Milton is the embodiment …”

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 138.


Martin Luther King, Jr.: “We must rapidly begin …”

  • Martin Luther King, Jr., “Beyond Vietnam” (speech), April 4, 1967, transcript accessed at Stanford: The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute website, accessed April 10, 2017, Source.


How Trump Won by Becoming the Ultimate Brand

Hillary Clinton: nearly 2.9 million more votes than Trump

  • Gregory Krieg, “It’s Official: Clinton Swamps Trump in Popular Vote,”, February 22, 2016, Source.
  • “2016 Presidential General Election Results,” U.S. Election Atlas, accessed April 10, 2017, Source.

Poll: hypothetical global votes in American election

  • WIN/Gallup International Association, “WIN/Gallup International’s Global Poll on the American Election,” WIN/Gallup online, September 4, 2016, Source.


Oxfam: eight men are worth as much as half the world

  • Oxfam International, “Just 8 Men Own Same Wealth as Half the World,” press release, January 16, 2017, Source.

NBC News: Trump’s cabinet appointments combined net worth of $14.5 billion

  • Ben Popken, “Trump’s Cabinet Picks Have a Combined Wealth of $14.5B. How Did They All Make Their Money?”, December 7, 2016, Source.

Carl Icahn: worth more than $15 billion

  • “Carl Icahn Profile,”, last modified April 12, 2017, Source.

Steve Mnuchin and foreclosures

  • Sean Coffey, California Reinvestment Coalition, personal correspondence with author or her research assistants, April 24, 2017: “tens of thousands of people were foreclosed on (or kicked out of their homes), with more than 15,000 of those foreclosures happening due to a reverse mortgage, a type of loan that can only be originated to seniors.”
  • Paul Kiel and Jesse Eisinger, “Trump’s Treasury Pick Excelled at Kicking Elderly People Out of Their Homes,”, December 27, 2016, Source.

Rex Tillerson and ExxonMobil career

  • ExxonMobil, “Rex Tillerson to Retire, Darren Woods Elected Chairman, CEO of ExxonMobil Corporation,” press release, December 14, 2016, Source.

Exxon and hiding climate science

  • Amy Lieberman and Susanne Rust, “Big Oil Braced for Global Warming While It Fought Regulations,”, December 31, 2015, Source.

Trump’s appointees: military and surveillance contractors and paid lobbyists

  • Lee Fang, “Donald Trump Is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions with Defense Contractors,”, March 21, 2017, Source.

Roger Ailes and harassment allegations

  • Manuel Roig-Franzia, Scott Higham, Paul Farhi, and Krissah Thompson, “The Fall of Roger Ailes: He Made Fox News His ‘Locker Room’—and Now Women Are Telling Their Stories,” Washington Post, July 22, 2016, Source.

Granting the Corporate Wish List

Trump and plans for a tax cut and slashing regulations

  • Bob Bryan, “TRUMP: We’re Going to ‘Cut Regulations by 75%’ and Impose a ‘Very Major Border Tax,’” Business Insider, January 23, 2017, Source.
  • White House Office of the Press Secretary, “Remarks by President Trump at the Conservative Political Action Conference,” press release, February 24, 2017, Source.

Trump tax plan: breaks and loopholes for very wealthy people

  • Julie Hirschfeld Davis and Patricia Cohen, “Trump Tax Plan Would Shift Trillions from U.S. Coffers to the Richest,” New York Times, April 27, 2017, Source.

Jared Kushner: “Swat team,” “run like a great American business”

  • Philip Bump, “Trump’s Idea to Run the Government Like a Business Is an Old One in American Politics,” Washington Post, March 27, 2017, Source.
  • Ashley Parker and Philip Rucker, “Trump Taps Kushner to Lead a SWAT Team to Fix Government with Business Ideas,” Washington Post, March 26, 2017, Source.

Public Citizen: Trump met with at least 190 corporate executives

  • Rick Claypool, “Corporate Executives Swamp the White House,” (website of Public Citizen), April 14, 2017, Source.

Mick Mulvaney: “Most of these are laws and regulations …”

  • White House Office of the Press Secretary, “Top Highlights from Sunday’s Shows,” press release, April 23, 2017, Source.

Trump: ending programs that protect children from environmental toxins; companies no longer need to report greenhouse gases emissions

  • Chris Mooney and Juliet Eilperin, “Trump’s EPA Moves to Dismantle Programs That Protect Kids from Lead Paint,” Washington Post, April 5, 2017, Source.
  • Environmental Protection Agency, “Background on the Information Request for the Oil and Natural Gas Industry,”, March 2, 2017, Source.

State Department websites: “Winter White House”

  • Gardiner Harris, “U.S. Embassies Post Article Extolling Trump’s Mar-a-Lago,” New York Times, April 24, 2017, Source.

Mar-a-Lago club member: “Going to Disneyland …”

  • Maggie Haberman, “Mar-a-Lago, the Future Winter White House and Home of the Calmer Trump,” New York Times, January 1, 2017, Source.

The Ultimate Brand Bully

Victoria’s Secret and Indigenous headdress

  • “Victoria’s Secret Apologizes for Use of Headdress,” AP via, November 13, 2012, Source.

Transcending the World of Things

Fortune: “that the basic and irreversible function …”

  • “Government Spending Is No Substitute for the Exercise of Capitalist Imagination,” Fortune, September 1983, 63–64.

David Lubars: “are like roaches …”

  • Yumiko Ono, “Marketers Seek the ‘Naked’ Truth in Consumer Psyches,” Wall Street Journal, May 30, 1997.

Starbucks CEO: the “third place”

  • “Our Heritage,” Starbucks Corporation, accessed April 2, 2017, Source.

The Trump Show

Donald Trump: “the show is Trump …”

  • David Remnick, The New Gilded Age (New York: Random House, 2001).

Trump and mismanaging his Atlantic City casinos

  • Richard D. Hylton, “Banks Approve Loans for Trump, But Take Control of His Finances,” New York Times, June 27, 1990, Source.

Donald Trump: “… going to be great for my brand”

  • Marc Fisher, “Donald Trump: Remade by Reality TV,” Washington Post, January 27, 2017, Source.

The Celebrity Apprentice: 120 product placements in April 2011

  • Nat Ives, “Trump Wins! ‘Celebrity Apprentice’ Seizes Product Placement Presidency from ‘American Idol,’” Advertising Age, May 20, 2011, Source.

Oligarch Chic

Washington Post: “Trump has earned at least $50 million …”

  • Kevin Sullivan, “Trump’s Foreign Network: The President-Elect’s Unorthodox Overseas Business Partners,” Washington Post, January 13, 2017, Source.

Trump owns Trump Tower and Mar-a-Lago

  • Office of Government Ethics, “Executive Branch Personnel Public Financial Disclosure Report,” Donald J. Trump, May 18, 2016, Source.

Trump-branded properties: Trump International Golf Club in Dubai, many other Trump properties in India, Canada, Brazil, South Korea, and New York City

  • Brazil, South Korea, Canada: “Donald Trump’s Many, Many Business Dealings in 1 Map,” Time, January 10, 2017, Source.
  • India: Derek Kravitz and Al Shaw, “Trump’s 10 Foreign Deals with Those Close to Power,” ProPublica via, January 20, 2017, Source.
  • New York: Janet Babin, “When You See ‘Trump’ on a Building, It Might Not Be What You Think,”, August 31, 2015, Source.
  • Dubai: Reuters, “Trump Sons Open Dubai Golf Course, Praise U.S. Ally,”, February 18, 2017, Source.

James S. Henry: private financial wealth of individuals in tax havens: $24–36 trillion

  • James S. Henry, “Taxing Tax Havens,” Foreign Affairs, April 12, 2016, Source.

You are all fired!

Trump and outsourcing to overseas factories

  • Spencer Woodman, “Trump, China, and the Ties That Bind,” Racked, October 5, 2016, Source.
  • Spencer Woodman, “Long Hours, Low Wages Alleged at Ivanka Trump Shoe Factory,” Racked, October 12, 2016, Source.

Fair Labor Association: condition in factory in China producing for a major supplier of Ivanka’s clothing

  • Fair Labor Association, personal correspondence with author or her research assistants, April 27, 2017.
  • Drew Harwell, “Workers Endured Long Hours, Low Pay at Chinese Factory Used by Ivanka Trump’s Clothing-Maker,” Washington Post, April 25, 2017, Source.
  • Elliot Hannon, “Ivanka Trump’s Clothing Line Is Made in a Chinese Factory Where Workers Earn $1 an Hour,” The Slatest (blog), April 25, 2017, Source.

Trump and migrant workers at Trump-branded golf course in Dubai (Vice)

  • “Inside the Squalid Living Conditions for the Migrants Building Trump International Golf Club in Dubai,” Vice, April 19, 2016, Source.

Immune to Scandal

Mar-a-Lago cited for nearly a dozen food safety violations

  • Department of Business and Professional Regulation, “Inspection Information—Mar-a-Lago Club,” January 26, 2017, Source.

Donald Trump: dodging federal taxes is “smart”

  • Chris Kahn, “Trump Calls Tax Avoidance ‘Smart,’ Most Americans Call it ‘Unpatriotic’: Poll,”, October 4, 2016, Source.

Donald Trump: “I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue …”

  • Steve Holland and Ginger Gibson, “Confident Trump Says Could ‘Shoot Somebody’ and Not Lose Voters,”, January 23, 2016, Source.


The First Family of Brands

Melania Trump and Daily Mail lawsuit and settlement

  • Melania Trump v. Mail Media, Inc. Supreme Court of the State of New York, filed February 6, 2017, Source.
  • “Melania Trump and Daily Mail Settle Her Libel Suits,” New York Times, April 12, 2017, Source.

Samantha Cameron and clothing line

  • Gillian Brett, “Confirmed: Samantha Cameron’s New Fashion Label Is Finally Here,” Marie Claire, November 30, 2016, Source.

Kellyanne Conway: “commercial … stuff”

  • “Kellyanne Conway on Ivanka Trump’s Fashion Line: ‘Go Buy It Today!’”, February 9, 2017, Source.

Associated Press: “Ivanka Trump’s company won …”

  • Erika Kinetz and Anne D’Innocenzio, “Ivanka’s Biz Prospers as Politics Mixes with Business,” Associated Press online, April 19, 2017, Source.

Ivanka and her company’s “independent trustees”

  • Jennifer Rubin, “Yes, Ivanka Trump Is Complicit in Her Father’s Agenda,” Washington Post, April 5, 2017, Source.

Mar-a-Lago membership fees

  • Robert Frank, “Mar-a-Lago Membership Fee Doubles to $200,000,”, January 25, 2017, Source.

Marjorie Merriweather Post: “Winter White House”

  • Gardiner Harris, “U.S. Embassies Post Article Extolling Trump’s Mar-a-Lago,” New York Times, April 24, 2017, Source.
  • Lily Rothman, “The Mar-a-Lago Club Was a ‘Winter White House’ Even Before President Trump Got There,” Time, February 26, 2017, Source.

Trump: “Southern White House”

  • White House Office of the Press Secretary, “Remarks by President Trump et al. at Signing of Trade Executive Orders,” press release, March 31, 2017, Source.

New York Times: “Mr. Trump’s enterprise …”

  • Sharon LaFraniere and Danny Hakim, “Trump’s Trademark Continues Its March Across the Globe, Raising Eyebrows,” New York Times, April 11, 2017, Source.

What Exactly Are the Trump Boys Selling?

US taxpayer money for Trump sons’ trip to Uruguay

  • Amy Brittain and Drew Harwell, “Eric Trump’s Business Trip to Uruguay Cost Taxpayers $97,830 in Hotel Bills,” Washington Post, February 3, 2017, Source.

Trump Organization: no new deals for foreign properties

  • “Full Transcript of Trump Press Conference,”, January 11, 2017, Source.

Reagan’s Prophecy Fulfilled

New Yorker: Trump golf cover

  • Françoise Mouly, “Cover Story: ‘Broken Windows,’ By Harry Blitt,” New Yorker, March 31, 2017, Source.

Ronald Reagan: “government is not the solution, it is the problem”

  • Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum, “The Reagan Presidency,” accessed April 10, 2017, Source.

Rob Ford and smoking crack

  • “Raw Video Released of Rob Ford Smoking Crack,” Globe and Mail (Toronto), August 11, 2016, Source.

Jam the Trump Brand

Bill O’Reilly, Color of Change

  • Color of Change, “Racial Justice Group Calls on Advertisers to Drop Bill O’Reilly,” Color of Change website, accessed April 25, 2017, Source.
  • Emily Steele and Michael S. Schmidt, “Bill O’Reilly Payout Could Be as High as $25 Million,” New York Times, April 20, 2017, Source.

O’Reilly golden handshake

  • Paul Farhi, “Bill O’Reilly’s Gone—with $25 Million in Severance. Now the Hard Work Really Starts for Fox News,” Washington Post, April 20, 2017, Source.

O’Reilly: highest rated show on US cable news

  • A.J. Katz, “The Top Cable News Programs of 2016 Were …” TVNewser, December 29, 2016, Source.

#GrabYourWallet: several chains drop various Trump brands

  • “A Brief History of the #GrabYourWallet Movement,” #GrabYourWallet website, Source.

Trump Place resident: “disgust”

  • Julia Reinstein, “Trump’s Name Taken Off Buildings Because It’s Too Embarrassing for Residents,” Buzzfeed, November 15, 2016, Source. suggested voters phone Trump hotels and resorts

  • “Call Trump’s White House Inc. Today!” White House Inc. website, accessed May 4, 2017, Source.


The Mar-a-Lago Hunger Games

Ronald Reagan: “How can a president not be an actor?”

  • Kenneth Milton Wheeler, Effective Communication: A Local Government Guide (Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association, 1994).

Life’s a Bitch

“Trump trailer park” on The Apprentice

  • The Apprentice, “To Have and Have Not,” Season 6, Episode 2, NBC, January 2007.

Donald Trump: “have-nots,” on The Apprentice

  • The Apprentice, “To Have and Have Not,” Season 6, Episode 1, NBC, January 2007.

Donald Trump: “life’s a bitch” on The Apprentice

  • The Apprentice, “Travel Sweepstakes Smackdown,” Season 6, Episode 7, NBC, February 2007.

Credit Suisse: $256 trillion in total global wealth, “While the bottom half …”

  • Richard Kersley and Antonios Koutsoukis, “The Global Wealth Report 2016,”, November 22, 2016, Source.

In a Real-World Nightmare, Dreams Sell

Trump “university” in hotel meeting rooms

  • Nina Burleigh, “These Americans Depended on Trump University. They’re Getting a Refund,” Newsweek, January 18, 2017, Source.
  • The People of the State of New York by Eric T. Schneiderman v. The Trump Entrepreneur Initiative LLC f/k/a Trump Universirty LLC, August 24, 2013, Source.

Donald Trump: “I can turn anyone …”

  • The People of the State of New York v. The Trump Entrepreneur Initiative LLC f/k/a/ Trump University LLC, p. 10, Source.

Reveling in the Fake on the Road to White House

Donald Trump: “It’s very possible …”

  • Jeremy Useem, “What Does Donald Trump Really Want?” Fortune, April 3, 2000, Source.

The Tyndall Report: 32 minutes on “issues coverage”

  • Andrew Tyndall, The Tyndall Report (website), October 25, 2016, Source.

Fake Fights, Real Stakes

Donald Trump and World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) appearances

  • 1. 2004: Jesse Ventura interviews Donald Trump (WrestleMania XX)
  • 2. January 29, 2007: Fan Appreciation night
  • 3. Early 2007: Trump challenges McMahon to match
  • 4. Early 2007: signs a contract for “Battle of the Billionaires”
  • 5. April 1, 2007: WrestleMania 23 “Battle of the Billionaires” (beats McMahon)
  • 6. June 15, 2009: Trump “buys” Monday Night Raw
  • 7. June 22, 2009: Trump “sells” Monday Night Raw back to Vince McMahon
  • 8. February 25, 2013: WWE Hall of Fame Inductee

Donald Trump and the WWE Hall of Fame

  • “Donald Trump: Bio,”, Source.

Donald Trump and “Battle of the Billionaires”

  • “The Battle of the Billionaires Takes Place at WrestleMania,” YouTube video, 4:29, posted by WWE, July 19, 2011, Source.

Donald Trump and dropping money on WWE fans

  • “Donald Trump Gives Away Mr. McMahon’s Money,” YouTube video, 1:31, posted by WWE, July 3, 2012, Source.

Donald Trump appoints former CEO of WWE, Linda McMahon, to his cabinet

  • White House, “Swearing-in of Small Business Administrator Linda McMahon,” video, 5:25, February 14, 2017, Source.

WWE annual revenue

  • “WWE Financials,” WWE Corporate website, Source.

Matt Taibbi’s Rolling Stone article

  • Matt Taibbi, “How America Made Donald Trump Unstoppable,” Rolling Stone, February 24, 2016, Source.

Donald Trump: “Little Marco,” “Lyin’ Ted”

  • “Trump Calls Rubio ‘Little Marco,’ Rubio Calls Him, ‘Big Donald,’” YouTube video, 0:29, posted by Flat Water, March 3, 2016, Source.
  • “Trump Already Back to Using ‘Lyin’ Ted,’” YouTube video, 4:35, posted by CNN, April 20, 2016, Source.

Donald Trump: “Lock her up!” “Killary”

  • “Audience to Trump: Lock Her Up,” video, 1:01,, February 21, 2017, Source.
  • Binjamin Appelbaum, Patricia Cohen, and Jack Healy, “A Rebounding Economy Remains Fragile for Many,” New York Times, September 14, 2016, Source.

Newt Gingrich: Trump “… huge TV show called ‘Leading the World’”

  • Brent Griffiths, “Gingrich: ‘Weird’ for Trump to Produce ‘Celebrity Apprentice’ as President,” Politico, December 9, 2016, Source.

Trump: “I’m not firing Sean Spicer …”

  • Ashley Parker and Robert Costa, “‘Everyone Tunes In’: Inside Trump’s Obsession with Cable TV,” Washington Post, April 23, 2017, Source.

Donald Trump’s “comeback party”

  • Michael Kranish and Marc Fisher, Trump Revealed: The Definitive Biography of the 45th President (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2016), 206.

Fake News, Alternative Facts, and the Big Lie

Donald Trump implies Ted Cruz’s dad had a role in assassinating JFK

  • Nolan McCaskill, “Trump Accuses Cruz’s Father of Helping JFK’s Assassin,” Politico, May 3, 2016, Source.

Kellyanne Conway: “alternative facts”

  • Eric Bradner, “Conway: Trump White House Offered ‘Alternative Facts’ on Crowd Size,”, January 23, 2017, Source.

Politico: “White House staffers do much of their lying …”

  • Ben Schreckinger and Hadas Gold, “Trump’s Fake War on the Fake News,” Politico, April 23, 2017, Source.

Obama: deportations of roughly 2.5 million immigrants without documents

  • Serena Marshall, “Obama Has Deported More People Than Any Other President,” ABC News online, August 29, 2016, Source.

Barack Obama: “added enough new oil and gas pipeline …”

  • White House Office of the Press Secretary, “Remarks by the President on American-Made Energy,” press release, March 22, 2012, Source.

The Apocalypse Show

March: more than 1,500 civilian deaths from US-led coalition airstrikes in Iraq and Syria

  • Chris Woods, Director,, personal correspondence with author or her research assistants, May 5, 2017: “In total there were 1,782 to 3,471 alleged civilian deaths from 166 separate claimed Coalition events during the month.”

Wilbur Ross: “after-dinner entertainment”

  • Lauren Gambino, “Trump’s Attack on Syria Was ‘After-Dinner Entertainment’ Says US Commerce Secretary,” Guardian, May 2, 2017, Source.

MSNBC host Brian Williams: “beautiful”

  • Stephanie McNeal, “Brian Williams Called the Missiles That Bombed Syria ‘Beautiful,’” Buzzfeed, April 7, 2017, Source.

CNN and first Gulf War logo and theme music

  • Susan Jeffords and Lauren Rabinovitz, eds., Seeing Through the Media: The Persian Gulf War (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1994), 202.

2003 Iraq invasion called “Shock and Awe”

  • “IRAQ/ SHOCK AND AWE,” video, 7:55,, March 21, 2003, Source.

Hollow Man

Trump: “the most beautiful … you’ve ever seen”

  • Tom Phillips, “Trump Told Xi of Syria Strikes over ‘Beautiful Piece of Chocolate Cake,’” Guardian, April 12, 2017, Source.


James Baldwin: “I imagine that …”

  • James Baldwin, Notes of a Native Son (Boston: Beacon Press, 1955), 101.


The Climate Clock Strikes Midnight

More than 90 percent of the Great Barrier Reef: “mass bleaching event”

  • United Nations Environment Program, “Bleaching of Great Barrier Reef Corals Worst Ever, Scientists Say,”, April 26, 2016, Source.

Ocean temperatures increased one degree Celsius

  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, “Global Climate Report—January 2016,” National Centers for Environmental Information website, January 2016, Source.

One billion people around the world rely on the fish sustained by coral reefs for food and income

  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, “The Importance of Coral Reefs,” March 25, 2008.
  • Martin Harvey, “Coral Reefs: Importance,” World Wildlife Fund website, accessed May 14, 2017, Source.

Rob Nixon: “slow violence”

  • Rob Nixon, Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011).

James Black: “the general scientific agreement …”

  • Neela Banerjee, Lisa Song, and David Hasemyer, “Exxon: The Road Not Taken,” InsideClimate News, Sept. 16, 2015, Source.
  • Shannon Hall, “Exxon Knew about Climate Change Almost 40 Years Ago,” Scientific American, October 26, 2015, Source.

Company lavished $30 million on think tanks spreading doubt about climate science

  • “Exxon Knew of Climate Change in 1981, Email Says—but It Funded Deniers for 27 More Years,” Guardian, July 8, 2015, Source.

Mobil took out full-page ads in New York Times casting doubt on the science

  • Green Culture: An A to Z Guide (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2011), 371.

ExxonMobil under investigation by attorneys general for alleged deceptions

  • Justin Gillis and Clifford Kraussn, “Exxon Mobil Investigated for Possible Climate Change Lies by New York Attorney General,” New York Times, November 5, 2015, Source.

Truth Time

Samuel Beckett’s famous line “Try again. Fail again. Fail better”

  • Marc O’Connell, “The Stunning Success of ‘Fail Better,’” Slate, January 29, 2014, Source.

Every new power plant: zero-carbon starting in 2018

  • Alexander Pfeiffer, Richard Millar, Cameron Hepburn, and Eric Beinhocker, “The ‘2°C Capital Stock’ for Electricity Generation: Committed Cumulative Carbon Emissions from the Electricity Generation Sector and the Transition to a Green Economy,” Applied Energy, October 1, 2016, Source.

Martin Luther King Jr.: “The arc of the moral universe is long …”

  • Martin Luther King Jr., baccalaureate Sermon delivered at Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, June 7, 1964.
  • Lewis V. Baldwin, Behind the Public Veil: The Humanness of Martin Luther King Jr. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2016).

Not Just Another Election Cycle—Epic Bad Timing

Greenpeace: Clinton’s campaign received at least $1.7 million from employees and registered lobbyists of fossil fuel companies

  • Jesse Coleman, Greenpeace, personal correspondence with author or her research assistants, May 9, 2017.
  • Robery Farley, “Clinton’s Fossil Fuel Money Revisited,”, April 7, 2016, Source.

Clinton: people should “do their own research”

  • Perry Wheeler, “Fact Checkers Miss the Point on Greenpeace Research into Clinton Fossil Fuel Money,” Greenpeace website, Source.

Eva Resnick-Day: “and that is why we are so terrified for the future …”

  • Eva Resnick-Day, “I’m the Greenpeace Activist Who Asked Hillary Clinton to Pledge to Reject Fossil Fuel Contributions at the Purchase NY Campaign Rally,” Greenpeace website, March 31, 2017, Source.

Warmed the planet by just one degree Celsius

  • Met Office (UK), “Global Climate in Context as the World Approaches 1°C Above Pre-industrial for the First Time,” Met Office website, Source.
  • “World Energy Outlook,” International Energy Agency, accessed May 3, 2017, Source.

Kevin Anderson: “incompatible with any reasonable characterization …”

  • Kevin Anderson, “Climate Change Going Beyond Dangerous– Brutal Numbers and Tenuous Hope,” Development Dialogue 61 (September 2012), Source.

Paris Agreement: “well below” 2 degrees

  • “Paris Agreement: Essential Elements,” United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, accessed April 20, 2017, Source.

September 2016 study from Oil Change International

  • Oil Change International, The Skys Limit (Washington, DC: Oil Change International, September 2016), Source.

A Very Oily Administration

Scott Pruitt: sued the EPA; received money from fossil fuel companies

  • Dominique Mosbergen, “Scott Pruitt Has Sued the Environmental Protection Agency 13 Times. Now He Wants to Lead It,” Huffington Post, January 17, 2017, Source.

Rick Perry ties to the oil industry

  • Associated Press, “Rick Perry Is a Board Member of the Company Behind the Dakota Access Pipeline,” Fortune, December 13, 2016, Source.
  • Richard Perry Financial Disclosure form, 2017, accessed from Source.

Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell

“The carbon bubble”

  • Paul Rosenberg, “Donald Trump’s ‘Carbon Bubble’ Economy Is Bound to Pop—the Only Question Is How Bad It Will Be,” Salon, January 2, 2017, Source.

White House website removes references to climate change

  • Tom DiChristopher, “The White House Website’s Page on Climate Change Just Disappeared,”, January 21, 2017, Source.

Plans to cut the nasa satellite program

  • Amina Khan, “Trump’s Budget Plan for NASA Focuses on Studying Space, Not Climate Change,” Los Angeles Times, March 16, 2017, Source.

Mick Mulvaney: “Regarding the question as to climate change …”

  • Dan Merica and Rene Marsh, “Trump Budget Chief on Climate: ‘Waste of Your Money,’”, March 16, 2017, Source.

Trump plan to reduce the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) budget by over 30 percent

  • Office of Management and Budget, “America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again,” released March 16, 2017, Source.

Price Is Everything

ExxonMobil: one-third of the company’s reserves were located in the Alberta tar sands

  • Securities and Exchange Commission, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Annual Report, 2015, 5, Source.

Oil prices crash in 2014 … and price has hovered at around $55 a barrel since

  • Brent Crude Prices, 2013–2017,, accessed April 13, 2017, Source.

170,000 oil and gas workers have lost their jobs

  • Matt Egan, “100,000 Oil Jobs Could Be Coming Back,”, July 14, 2016, Source.

Investment in the Alberta tar sands dropped by an estimated 37 percent

  • Government of Alberta, “Capital Investment in Alberta to Decline Again in 2016,” government report, July 8, 2016, Source.

ExxonMobil wrote off nearly 3.5 million barrels of tar sands oil

  • Geoffrey Smith, “Exxon’s Big Oil Sands Write-Off Could Help It Dodge SEC Troubles,” Fortune, February 23, 2017, Source.

ExxonMobil profits: $45 billion in 2012, $8 billion in 2016

  • Chris Isidore, “ExxonMobil Profit Just Short of Record,”, February 1, 2013, Source.
  • Exxon Mobil Corporation, “ExxonMobil Earns $7.8 Billion in 2016; $1.7 Billion During Fourth Quarter,” press release, January 31, 2017, Source.

What Conservatives Understand about Global Warming‑and Liberals Don’t

Reagan: “The nine most terrifying words …”

  • Ronald Reagan, “The President’s News Conference,” August 12, 1986, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project, Source.
  • “The Nine Most Terrifying Words,” YouTube video, 0:12, posted by a random user, August 6, 2011, Source.

Larry Summers: “Spread the truth …”

  • Stefan Hedlund, Russias Market Economy: A Bad Case of Predatory Capitalism (London: UCL Press Limited, 1999).

Thatcher: “There is no alternative”

  • Fiona McPherson, “The Iron Lady: Margaret Thatcher’s Linguistic Legacy,” Oxford Dictionaries website, April 10, 2013, Source.

Warren Buffett: “there’s been class warfare …”

  • CNN Newsroom transcript, September 30, 2011, Source.

March for Science: hundreds of thousands march

  • Olivia Milman, “March for Science Puts Earth Day Focus on Global Opposition to Trump,” Guardian, April 22, 2017, Source.


The Grabber-in-Chief

Paul Krugman attacking Bernie Sanders

  • Paul Krugman, “Sanders over the Edge,” New York Times, April 8, 2016, Source.
  • Paul Krugman, “Weakened at Bernie’s,” New York Times, January 19, 2016, Source.
  • How Change Happens, New York Times, Jan 22, 2016. Source.
  • Paul Krugman, “Bernie’s Bad End,” New York Times, May 2, 2016, Source.
  • Paul Krugman, “The Truth about the Sanders Movement,” New York Times, May 23, 2016, Source.
  • Paul Krugman, “Feel the Math,” New York Times, April 1, 2016, Source.

Foul Mood Rising

Van Jones: “whitelash”

  • Josiah Ryan, “‘This Was a Whitelash’: Van Jones’ Take on the Election Results,”, November 9, 2016, Source.

Donald Trump: Megyn Kelly had “blood coming out of her wherever”

  • Holly Yan, “Donald Trump’s ‘Blood’ Comment about Megyn Kelly Draws Outrage,”, August 8, 2015, Source.

Mike Pence: no one-on-one meals with female coworkers

  • Jia Tolentino, “Mike Pence’s Marriage and the Beliefs That Keep Women from Power,” New Yorker, March 31, 2017, Source.

The Ranking of Human Life

Steve Bannon and abuse allegations

  • Santa Monica Police Department, crime report, January 1, 1996, Source.
  • Elizabeth Chuck, Ali Vitali, Andrew Blankstein, and Katie Wall, “Trump Campaign CEO Steve Bannon Accused of Anti-Semitic Remarks by Ex-Wife,”, August 27, 2016, Source.
  • Hadas Gold and John Bresnahan, “Trump Campaign CEO Once Charged in Domestic Violence Case,” Politico, August 25, 2016, Source.

Andrew Puzder and abuse allegations: “striking her violently …”

  • Lisa Henning v. Andrew Puzder, Petition for Damages, 1988, Source.

Bill O’Reilly and harassment allegations

  • Emily Steel and Michael S. Schmidt, “Bill O’Reilly Thrives at Fox News, Even as Harassment Settlements Add Up,” New York Times, April 1, 2017, Source.

Roger Ailes and harassment allegations

  • Manuel Roig-Franzia, Scott Higham, Paul Farhi, and Krissah Thompson, “The Fall of Roger Ailes: He Made Fox News His ‘Locker Room’—and Now Women Are Telling Their Stories,” Washington Post, July 22, 2016, Source.

Trump and sexual harassment and assault allegations

  • Megan Twohey, “Former ‘Apprentice’ Contestant Files Defamation Suit Against Trump,” New York Times, January 17, 2017,

Trump and Ivana rape allegation

  • Jane Mayer, “Documenting Trump’s Abuse of Women,” New Yorker, October 24, 2016, Source.

The Problem with “Jobs Voters”

Past 40 years has seen number of people behind bars in US increase by 500 percent

  • Carl Vogel, Prison Brake, University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration, accessed April 11, 2017, Source.

Trump voters: earn $50,000–$200,000

  • Nate Silver, “The Mythology of Trump’s ‘Working Class’ Support,” FiveThirtyEight, May 3, 2016, Source.

CNN analysis of exit polls

  • “Exit polls,”, November 23, 2016, Source.

Insecure on Every Front

Anne Case and Angus Deaton: “deaths of despair”

  • Anne Case and Angus Deaton, “Mortality and Morbidity in the 21st Century,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2017, Source.

Southern Poverty Law Center: tripling of anti-Muslim hate groups in 2016

  • Southern Poverty Law Center, “Hate Groups Increase for Second Consecutive Year as Trump Electrifies Radical Right,”, February 15, 2017, Source.

Four months after Trump’s election: nearly 1,000 reported hate crimes targeting people of colour

  • Southern Poverty Law Center, “Update: 1,094 Bias-Related Incidents in the Month Following the Election,”, December 16, 2016, Source.

Srinivas Kuchibhotla shooter: “Get out of my country!”

  • Mark Berman and Samantha Schmidt, “He Yelled ‘Get Out of My Country,’ Witnesses Say, and Then Shot 2 Men from India, Killing One,” New York Times, February 24, 2017, Source.

First two months of 2017, seven transgender people were murdered

  • Bill Morlin, “Four Transgender Murders in a Week ‘Alarming Trend,’”, March 1, 2017, Source.

The Identity Blame Game

Mark Lilla: “calling out explicitly …”

  • Mark Lilla, “The End of Identity Liberalism,” New York Times, November 20, 2016, Source.

2007–2010: average wealth of white families fell by 11 percent, Black families by 31 percent

  • Signe-Mary McKernan, Caroline Ratcliffe, C. Eugene Steuerle, and Sisi Zhang,
  • “Less Than Equal: Racial Disparities in Wealth Accumulation,” Urban Institute website, April 25, 2013, Source.

Young Black men shot and killed by police at a rate five times higher than white men of the same age bracket

  • Jon Swaine, Oliver Laughland, Jamiles Lartey, and Ciara McCarthy, “Young Black Men Killed by US Police at Highest Rate in Year of 1,134 Deaths,” Guardian, December 31, 2015, Source.

Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor: “The Black political establishment …”

  • Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016), 152.

Two-thirds of minimum-wage workers in the States are women

  • National Women’s Law Center, “Women and the Minimum Wage, State by State,”, January 2017, Source.

World Economic Forum’s annual global rankings on the economic gender gap

  • World Economic Forum, “The Global Gender Gap Report 2016,” World Economic Forum website, 2016, Source.
  • World Economic Forum, “The Global Gender Gap Report 2015,” World Economic Forum website, 2015, Source.

Iowa, Ohio, and Wisconsin: 15 to 20 percent fewer Democratic voters for Clinton

  • Calculations based on:
  • Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections—2016, 2012, and 2008. Accessed from: Source. Source. Source.

“Racial Capitalism”

Cedric Robinson: “racial capitalism”

  • Cedric Robinson, Black Marxism (London: Zed Press, 1983), 2.

Michelle Alexander: “to decimate a multiracial alliance …”

  • Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow (New York: New Press, 2012), 35.

Ronald Reagan: myth that food stamps were collected by “welfare queens”

  • “‘Welfare Queen’ Becomes Issue in Reagan Campaign,” New York Times, February 15, 1976, Source.
  • George Bliss, “Welfare Queen Jailed in Tucson,” Chicago Tribune, October 12, 1974, Source.

Trump and Central Park Five Ads

  • Lisa W. Foderaro, “Angered by Attack, Trump Urges Return of the Death Penalty,” New York Times, May 1, 1989, Source.

Trump not apologizing to Central Park Five

  • Yusef Salaam, “I’m One of the Central Park Five. Donald Trump Won’t Leave Me Alone,” Washington Post, October 12, 2016, Source.

Justice Department arguing social services and infrastructure in cities such as New York and Chicago are “crumbling …”

  • Julia Edwards Ainsley and Andy Sullivan, “Washington Threatens Funding Cut to California, Other ‘Sanctuary’ Areas,”, April 21, 2017, Source.

Divide and Conquer

John Maynard Keynes: “vengeance, I dare predict, will not limp”

  • John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Howe, 1919), accessed from Source.

Lovelessness as Policy

Cornel West: “justice is what love looks like in public”

  • “Cornel West Talks to David Shuster,” Al Jazeera America website, February 24, 2017, Source.

Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw: the “intersectionality” framework

  • Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color,” Stanford Law Review 43 (1993): 1.


Politics Hate a Vacuum

Sean McGarvey: “nothing short of incredible”

  • “Trump Taps into Business Background during First Week in White House,” CBS New York website, January 26, 2017, Source.

Doug McCarron: “a great moment for working men and women”

  • Eliza Relman, “Trump and Union Leaders Find Shaky Common Ground: ‘He’s Promised That He’s Going to Create Good Jobs,’” Business Insider, March 1, 2017, Source.

Labor leaders, representing around a quarter of all unionized workers in the US

  • Naomi Klein, “Labor Leaders’ Cheap Deal with Trump,” New York Times, February 7, 2017, Source.

Trump: “It’s a great thing for the American worker”

  • David Smith, “Trump Withdraws from Trans-Pacific Partnership amid Flurry of Orders,” Guardian, January 23, 2017, Source.

Trump: “bring back the jobs.”

  • Fox News, tweet, posted by @FoxNews, November 7, 2016, Source.

The Race to the Bottom

Charles Krauthammer: “great act of political larceny”

  • “Krauthammer: Trump–Union Leaders Meeting Was ‘Great Act of Political Larceny,’” Fox News Insider, January 23, 2017, Source.

Trump: plans to cut regulations by 75 percent, cut taxes for corporations to 15 percent

  • “Krauthammer: Trump–Union Leaders Meeting Was ‘Great Act of Political Larceny,’” Fox News Insider, January 23, 2017, Source.

Puzder and wage lawsuits (Hardee’s and Carl’s Jr.)

  • Angelo Young, “A Multitude of Wage and Labor Violations Alleged at Restaurants Linked to Trump’s Labor Pick,” Salon, January 27, 2017, Source.
  • Luis Bautista, Margarita Guerrero, and those similarly situated v. Carl Karcher Enterprises, LLC, Carl’s Jr. Restaurants, LLC, February 8, 2017, Source.
  • Jodi Kantor and Jennifer Medina, “Workers Say Andrew Puzder Is ‘Not the One to Protect’ Them, But He’s Been Chosen To,” New York Times, January 15, 2017, Source.

Andrew Puzder: “They never take a vacation …”

  • Kate Taylor, “Fast-Food CEO Says He’s Investing in Machines Because the Government Is Making It Difficult to Afford Employees,” Business Insider, March 16, 2016, Source.

Charles Schumer: Puzder “probably the most anti-worker” choice ever

  • Tim Devaney, “Schumer: Trump Should Drop Labor Nominee,” The Hill, February 9, 2017, Source.

Puzder: worth an estimated $45 million

  • Chase Peterson-Withorn, “Here’s What Each Member of Trump’s $4.5 Billion Cabinet Is Worth,” Forbes, December 22, 2016, Source.

Yes, It’s Possible to Make Bad Trade Deals Worse

Draft letter leaked of administration’s notice to Congress stating intent to renegotiate nafta

  • Max Ehrenfreund and Damian Paletta, “White House Calls for Changing, but Not Scrapping, NAFTA in Draft Letter,” Washington Post, March 30, 2017, Source.

Lori Wallach: “for those who trusted Trump’s pledge …”

  • Lori Wallach, “Draft NAFTA Renegotiation Plan in Official Fast Track Notice Letter Would Not Fulfill Trump’s Pledge to Make NAFTA ‘Much Better’ for Working People or Enjoy a Congressional Majority,” Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch website, March 30, 2017, Source.

Wilbur Ross and being a billionaire with a history of restructuring

  • Philip Delves Broughton, “Wilbur Ross Brings Art of Restructuring to Team Trump,” Financial Times, January 20, 2017, Source.

Wilbur Ross and Cone Mills

  • Betsy Woodruff, “Could This Man Be Donald Trump’s Future Secretary of Outsourcing?” Daily Beast, November 16, 2016, Source.
  • “Mills,” Cone Denim LLC, accessed May 15, 2017, Source.
  • Donald W. Patterson, “Cone Denim Announces Layoffs,” Greensboro News and Record, October 22, 2005, Source.

Andrew Puzder withdrew his nomination for labor secretary

  • Ed O’Keefe and Jonnelle Marte, “Andrew Puzder Withdraws Labor Nomination, Throwing White House into More Turmoil,” Washington Post, February 15, 2017, Source.

Union members protest Trump

  • Dan DiMaggio, “Building Trades Activists Stand Up to Trump,” LaborNotes, April 5, 2017, Source.

Remembering a Powerful Global Movement

July 2001: roughly 300,000 people were on the streets of Genoa during a G8 meeting

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 236.

Cochabamba and Bechtel: “water war”

  • Emily Achtenberg, “From Water Wars to Water Scarcity: Bolivia’s Cautionary Tale,” Harvard Review of Latin America (Winter 2013), Source.
  • Oscar Olivera and Tom Lewis, Cochabamba!: Water War in Bolivia (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2004), 9.

Bechtel: sued Bolivia for $50 million in damages and lost revenue

  • Claire Provost and Matt Kennard, “The Obscure Legal System That Lets Corporations Sue Countries,” Guardian, June 10, 2015, Source.

Teamsters and Turtles—Together at Last!

Banner: “Teamsters and Turtles: Together at last.”

  • Marc Cooper, “Teamsters and Turtles: They’re Together at Last,” Los Angeles Times, December 2, 1999, Source.

Vacuum, Meet Trump

National Post: “Anti-globalization is so yesterday.”

  • Dave Oswald Mitchell, “Disaster Populism,” Briarpatch, December 1, 2008, Source.

Mexico’s poverty rate has risen since implementation of nafta

  • Center for Economic and Policy Research, “Mexico Lagged the Rest of Latin America in the NAFTA Era, Report Finds,” press release, March 29, 2017, Source.

Marine Le Pen: “manufacturing by slaves for selling to the unemployed”

  • “France Election: Far-Right’s Le Pen Rails against Globalisation,”, February 5, 2017, Source.

Bernie Sanders: TPP “part of a global race to the bottom …”

  • “Bernie Sanders on Trade,” Feel the Bern (website), accessed April 12, 2017, from Source.

The Perils of Ceding the Populist Ground

Approximately 90 million eligible voting-age Americans stayed home

  • United States Elections Project, “2016 November General Election Turnout Rates,”, Source.
  • Nonprofit VOTE and the U.S. Elections Project, “America Goes to The Polls 2016: A Report on Voter Turnout in the 2016 Election,”, accessed April 12 2017, Source.

Trump and Clinton each got roughly 25 percent of total eligible voters

  • Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections, “2016 Presidential General Election Results,”, Source.
  • United States Elections Project, “2016 November General Election Turnout Rates,”, Source.

No, Oprah and Zuckerberg Will Not Save Us

Trump: “Part of the beauty of me is that I’m very rich”

  • Ashleigh Banfield, Rich McHugh, and Suzan Clarke, “Exclusive: Donald Trump Would Spend $600 Million of His Own Money on Presidential Bid,” ABC News online, March 17, 2011, Source.

Trump: “very smart”

  • Valerie Strauss, “President Trump Is Smarter Than You. Just Ask Him,” Washington Post, February 9, 2017, Source.

Frank Bruni: “Why don’t we just stitch him a red cape …”

  • Frank Bruni, “Jared Kushner, Man of Steel,” New York Times, April 5, 2017, Source.

Business Insider listicle: “10 ways Bill Gates is Saving the World”

  • Jay Yarrow, “10 Ways Bill Gates Is Saving the World,” Business Insider, August 4, 2011, Source.

Gates Foundation worth $40 billion

  • Julia Reed, “Melinda Gates Focuses the World’s Largest Foundation on Gender,” Wall Street Journal, November 2, 2016, Source.

Backfiring of Gates Foundation’s silver-bullet fixes

  • Bill Gates, 2009 Annual Letter (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, January 2009), accessed from: Source.

Davos’s 2017 summit: Shakira and celebrity chef Jamie Oliver

  • World Economic Forum, “Arts and Culture in Davos 2017,”, accessed April 12, 2017, Source.

Gates: a new $460-million fund to fight the spread of infectious disease

  • World Economic Forum, “CEPI Initiative Aims to Prepare Vaccines to Speed Up Global Response to Epidemics,” press release, January 19, 2017, Source.

Barack Obama accepting $400,000 for a speech to a Wall Street audience

  • Michael D. Shear and Kate Kelly, “Obama Balances Civic-Minded Side with the Lure of a $400,000 Speech,” New York Times, April 26, 2017, Source.


Learn to Love Economic Populism

Sanders: carried more than 20 states, with 13 million votes

  • Richard E. Berg-Andersson, “Democratic Convention 2016,” The Green Papers (website), updated August 19, 2016, Source.
  • Wilson Andrews, Kitty Bennett, and Alicia Parlapiano, “2016 Delegate Count and Primary Results,” New York Times online, updated July 5, 2016, Source.

National polls showed Sanders had a better chance of beating Trump than Clinton did

  • Real Clear Politics, “Polls: 2016 Presidential Race,”, undated, Source.

Whose Revolution?

Ta-Nehisi Coates: “The spectacle of a socialist candidate …”

  • Ta-Nehisi Coates, “Why Precisely Is Bernie Sanders against Reparations?” Atlantic, January 19, 2016, Source.

Michelle Alexander: “If progressives think they can win …”

  • Michelle Alexander, interview with author.

A Toxic Cocktail around the World

Clinton campaign: “Love trumps Hate”

  • MJ Lee and Dan Merica, “Clinton’s last campaign speech: ‘Love trumps hate,’”, November 7, 2016, Source.


  • “If you don’t know history…”
  • Howard Zinn, You Can’t Be Neutral On a Moving Train (Documentary), 2014


Masters of Disasters: Doing an End Run around Democracy

The “emerald city”

  • Rajiv Chandrasekaran, Imperial Life in the Emerald City: Inside Iraqs Green Zone (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006), 18–19, 58.

Guided by an ethic of “shoot first, ask questions later”

  • Michael S. Schmidt, “Anger in Iraq after Plea Bargain over 2005 Massacre,” New York Times, January 24, 2012, Source.

Bremer: 15 percent flat tax in Iraq

  • Dana Milbank and Walter Pincus, “U.S. Administrator Imposes Flat Tax System on Iraq,” Washington Post, November 2, 2003, Source.

“Iraq’s missing billions”

  • Maggie O’Kane, “Iraq’s missing billions,” Guardian, March 20, 2016, Source.

Democracy, Suspended until Further Notice

Koch brothers: “libertarians”

  • Jane Mayer, “Covert Operations,” New Yorker, August 30, 2010, Source.

Doing It Fast and All at Once

Machiavelli: “For injuries ought to be done all at one time …”

  • Niccolò Machiavelli. The Prince, trans. W.K. Marriot, Project Gutenberg, Source.

Joseph Stiglitz: “market fundamentalism”

  • D. Joseph Stiglitz, “Moving beyond Market Fundamentalism to a More Balanced Economy,” Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics 80, 3 (2009): 345–60, Source.

Milton Friedman book Capitalism and Freedom

  • Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom: Fortieth Anniversary Edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002), ix.

Richard Nixon: “make the economy scream”

  • Peter Kornbluh, “Kissinger and Chile: The Declassified Record,” National Security Archive, George Washington University, September 11, 2013.

Friedman: “shock treatment” approach to economics

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 94.

Eduardo Galeano: “How can this inequality …”

  • Eduardo Galeano, Days and Nights of Love and War, trans. Judith Brister (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983), 130.

The Opposite of Decency

$3 billion privately donated in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti

  • Vijaya Ramachandran and Julie Walz, Haiti: Where Has All the Money Gone?, Center for Global Development, CGD Policy Paper 004 (May 2012), Source.

Rebecca Solnit: disasters have a way of bringing out the best in us

  • Rebecca Solnit, A Paradise Built in Hell (New York: Penguin, 2009).

The Art of the Steal

Trump: “I rented him a piece of land …”

  • Jillian Rayfield, “Donald Trump Tells Fox and Friends: ‘I Screwed’ Gaddafi,” Talking Points Memo, March 21, 2011, Source.

Trump in Think Big: “You hear lots of people say that a great deal is when both sides win …”

  • Donald J. Trump and Bill Zanker, This Big: Make It Happen in Business and Life (New York: HarperCollins, 2007), 48.

Trump: “crime-infested”

  • Donald Trump, tweet, posted by @realDonaldTrump, January 14, 2017, Source.

Trump: sites of “carnage”

  • Donald Trump, tweet, posted by @realDonaldTrump, January 25, 2017, Source.

Violent crime rate has actually been declining nationwide for decades

  • Lori Robertson, “Dueling Claims on Crime Trend,”, July 13, 2016, Source.

A Career Forged in Shock

New York Daily News: “Ford to City: Drop Dead”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 1.

Local television broadcast: “beggars can’t be choosers”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 258.

Trump: “a new skin” of Hyatt

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 258; Michael A. Hiltzik, “Donald J Trump: N.Y.’s ‘Landlord’ May Be Shopping on the West Coast,” Los Angeles Times, February 28, 1988.

Phillips-Fein: “Trump would be allowed …”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 258.

Trump: $360-million tax break windfall

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 258.

Architectural critic: “an out-of-towner’s vision of city life”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 259.

Phillips-Fein: “Donald Trump and the developers who exploited …”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 267.

Trump: with the Towers gone, he now had the tallest building in Manhattan

  • Jenna Johnson, “On 9/11, Trump Noted on TV That His Financial District Building Was Now the ‘Tallest,’” Washington Post, September 11, 2016, Source.

Phillips-Fein: “this deep level of fear …”

  • Kim Phillips-Fein, Fear City: New Yorks Fiscal Crisis and the Rise of Austerity Politics (New York: Metropolitan, 2017), 267.

Meet the Disaster Capitalism Cabinet

Exxon exploited the Iraq war to defy State Department advice and make an exploration deal …

  • Dmitry Zhdannikov, Isabel Coles, and Ned Parker, “Special Report: How Exxon Helped Make Iraqi Kurdistan,”, December 3, 2014, Source.

As an executive at Exxon, Tillerson spent his career working for a company that decided to fund and spread misinformation and junk climate science

  • Katie Jennings, Dino Grandoni, and Suzanne Rust, “How Exxon Went from Leader to Skeptic on Climate Change Research,” Los Angeles Times, October 23, 2015, Source.

All the while, according to an LA Times investigation, ExxonMobil …

  • Amy Lieberman and Suzanne Rust, “Braced for Global Warming While It Fought Regulations,” Los Angeles Times, December 31, 2015, Source.

Tillerson: “So we will adapt to this …”

  • Council on Foreign Relations, “CEO Speaker Series: A Conversation with Rex W. Tillerson,”, June 27, 2012, Source.

Trump: “I can look in their faces …”

  • “Donald Trump on Syrian Kids: I Can Look in Their Faces and Say ‘You Can’t Come,’” YouTube video, 2:47, posted by HipsterBlood, March 8, 2016.

Trump: “beautiful babies”

  • Miriam Valverde, “For Trump, No Signal Yet Refugee Policy Will Change after U.S. Airstrike in Syria,” Politifact, April 7, 2017, Source.

Stocks of two largest private prison companies soared by 43 and 21 percent

  • Heather Long, “Private Prison Stocks Up 100% since Trump’s Win,”, February 24, 2017, Source.

ICE: 34,000 illegal immigrants; 73 percent of whom are held in private facilities

  • Associated Press, “Trump’s Stance on Illegal Immigration May Aid Private Prisons,” Denver Post, November 23, 2016, Source.

Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan at Boeing

  • Dominic Gates and Jim Brunner, “Trump Taps Boeing Executive Pat Shanahan for Deputy Secretary of Defense,” Seattle Times, March 16, 2017.

Lee Fang: “President Donald Trump has weaponized the revolving door …”

  • Lee Fang, “Donald Trump Is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions with Defense Contractors,”, March 21, 2017, Source.

Trump: increase spending on the military, the Pentagon, and the Department of Homeland Security by more than $80 billion in just one year

  • John Yang, “Trump Budget Seeks to Boost Defense Spending, Slash State Department and EPA,”, March 16, 2017, Source.

Daniel Gross: “Homeland security may have just reached the stage …”

  • Daniel Gross, “The Homeland Security Bubble,” Slate, June 1, 2005, Source.

Lt. General Keith Kellogg at Cubic Defense: “our ground combat training business …”

  • Ben Kamisar, “Trump Taps Keith Kellogg for National Security Council Post,” The Hill, December 15, 2016, Source.

Idea that war could ever definitively end quaint relic of “pre–September 11 thinking”

  • Keith Olbermann, “The Death of Habeas Corpus,”, October 11, 2006, Source.

Trump: “have total, total control over him …”

  • Paulina Firozi, “Trump Names Another Goldman Sachs Executive to Senior Administration Role,” The Hill, March 15, 2017, Source.

Goldman Sachs: helped inflate mortgage bubble then turned around and allegedly bet against mortgage market

  • US Department of Justice, “Goldman Sachs Agrees to Pay More than $5 Billion in Connection with Its Sale of Residential Mortgage Backed Securities,” press release, April 11, 2016, Source.
  • Greg Gordon, “How Goldman Secretly Bet on the U.S. Housing Crash,” McClatchy, November 1, 2009, Source.

Goldman Sachs: settlement of $5 billion

  • US Department of Justice, “Goldman Sachs Agrees to Pay More than $5 Billion in Connection with Its Sale of Residential Mortgage Backed Securities,” press release, April 11, 2016, Source.

Goldman Sachs: a $550-million fine

  • Securities and Exchange Commission, “Goldman Sachs to Pay Record $550 Million to Settle SEC Charges Related to Subprime Mortgage CDO,” press release, July 15, 2010, Source.

Carl Levin: “the evidence shows that Goldman repeatedly …”

  • David Morgan and Ken Milstone, “Live Blogging: Senate Hearing on Goldman Sachs,”, April 27, 2010, Source.

Steven Mnuchin has distinguished himself for his willingness to profit off misery

  • Paul Kiel and Jesse Eisinger, “Trump’s Treasury Pick Excelled at Kicking Elderly People Out of Their Homes”, December 27, 2016, Source.
  • ; Lorraine Woellert, “Trump Treasury Pick Made Millions After His Bank Foreclosed on Homeowners,” Politico, December 1, 2016, Source.

Predatory practices drew fire during Mnuchin’s confirmation hearing for Treasury secretary

  • Ben White, “Mnuchin Weathers Attacks on Funds, Foreclosures,” Politico, January 19, 2017, Source.

Senator Ron Wyden: “while Mr. Mnuchin was CEO …”

  • “Treasury Secretary Confirmation Hearing,” C-SPAN, January 19, 2017, Source.
  • David Dayen, “Treasury Nominee Steve Mnuchin’s Bank Accused of ‘Widespread Misconduct’ in Leaked Memo,”, January 3, 2017, Source.
  • Jacob Pramuk, “Senators Hammer Trump Treasury Pick Mnuchin on History with Mortgage Lender,”, January 19, 2017, Source.

The Katrina Blueprint

Curtis Muhammad: “convinced us that we had no caretakers”

  • “Three Displaced New Orleans Residents Discuss Race and Hurricane Katrina,” Democracy Now!, September 7, 2005, Source.

Buildings were spray-painted with messages: “looters will be shot”

  • Brian Thevenot, Keith Spera, and Doug MacCash, “Old West Has Nothing on Katrina Aftermath,” August 31, 2005, New Orleans Times-Picayune, Source.

On Danziger Bridge, police officers shot Black residents on sight

  • “What Happened on the Danziger Bridge,” graphic, New Orleans Times-Picayune, Source.
  • Kevin Litten, “New Orleans to Pay $13.3M to Settle NOPD Civil Rights Violations in Post-Katrina Chaos,” New Orleans Times-Picyune, December 19, 2016, Source.

Resident: “the opportunity to hunt Black people”

  • A.C. Thompson, “Post-Katrina, White Vigilantes Shot African-Americans with Impunity,”, December 19, 2008, Source.

Milton Friedman: “Most New Orleans schools are in ruins …”

  • Milton Friedman, “The Promise of Vouchers,” Wall Street Journal, December 5, 2005, Source.

Richard Baker: “We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans …”

  • Susan Saulny, “Clamoring to Come Home to New Orleans Projects,” New York Times, June 6, 2006, Source.

Under Pence’s leadership, Republican Study Committee came up with list of “Pro-Free-Market Ideas for Responding to Hurricane Katrina and High Gas Prices”

  • Paul S. Teller, “Pro-Free-Market Ideas for Responding to Hurricane Katrina and High Gas,” e-mail, September 13, 2005, Source.

Commitment to wage all-out war on labor standards and on the public sphere …

  • Paul S. Teller, “Pro-Free-Market Ideas for Responding to Hurricane Katrina and High Gas,” e-mail, September 13, 2005, Source.

Another recommendation called for giving parents vouchers to use at charter schools

  • Paul S. Teller, “Pro-Free-Market Ideas for Responding to Hurricane Katrina and High Gas,” e-mail, September 13, 2005, Source.

RSC call on Congress to repeal environmental regulations on Gulf Coast, give permission for new oil refineries in the US, and green-light “drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge”

  • Paul S. Teller, “Pro-Free-Market Ideas for Responding to Hurricane Katrina and High Gas,” e-mail, September 13, 2005, Source.

Kleptocracy Free-For-All

Baghdad gang of contractors descended on New Orleans

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 506.

The company FEMA paid $5.2 million to build a base camp for emergency workers

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 495.

FEMA paid Shaw $175 per square foot to install blue tarps on damaged roofs, even though tarps themselves provided by the government …

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 496.

In November 2005, the Republican-controlled Congress announced that it needed to cut $40 billion from the federal budget …

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 496.

Disastrous response to Katrina sparked an approval ratings free fall for George W. Bush

  • Bruce Alpert, “George W. Bush Never Recovered Politically from Katrina,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, August 28, 2015, Source.

Trump’s promised trillion dollars in infrastructure spending

  • Dan Merica, “Trump: I Will Ask Congress for a $1 Trillion Infrastructure Bill,”, February 28, 2017, Source.

Trump has indicated that he plans to do as much as possible through public-private partnerships

  • Melanie Zanona, “Trump’s Infrastructure Plan: What We Know,” The Hill, January 13, 2017, Source.


The Toxic To-Do List: What to Expect When You Are Expecting a Crisis

Trump: pledged to block all Muslims from entering the country

  • ​Donald J. Trump, “Donald J. Trump Statement on Preventing Muslim Immigration,”, December 7, 2015, Source.

Sessions: consent decrees “can reduce morale for the police officers”

  • Andrew Kaczynski, “Attorney General Jeff Sessions: Consent Decrees ‘Can Reduce Morale of the Police Officers,’”, April 14, 2017, Source.

Consent decree data

  • Christopher Stone, Todd Foglesong, and Christine M. Cole, “Policing Los Angeles Under a Consent Decree: The Dynamics of Change at the LAPD,” Harvard Kennedy School, May 2009, Source.

Rules requiring photo ID to cast a ballot: enacted in at least thirty-two states

  • Jasmine C. Lee, “How States Moved Toward Stricter Voter ID Laws,” New York Times, November 3, 2016, Source.

Peter Maass: “a pistol cocked to go off at the first touch”

  • Peter Maass, “For Donald Trump, a Terror Attack Will Be an Opportunity Not a Curse,”, March 19, 2017, Source.

Milton Friedman: “only a crisis—actual or perceived—produces real change …”

  • Milton Friedman and Rose D. Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962), xiv.

States of Emergency, States of Exception

Amber Rudd: “entirely unacceptable …”

  • BBC, “Amber Rudd: ‘We Must Be Able to Access WhatsApp,’”, March 26, 2017, Source.

Trump: “Just cannot believe a judge would put our country …”

  • Donald Trump, tweet, posted by @realDonalTrump, February 5, 2017, Source.

The Dark Prince Is Back

Trump: “Torture works”

  • Jenna Johnson, “Trump Says ‘Torture Works,’ Backs Waterboarding, and ‘Much Worse,’” Washington Post, February 17, 2016, Source.

Trump: “only a stupid person would say it doesn’t work”

  • Amy B. Wang, “Mike Pence Doesn’t Rule Out Waterboarding under Trump Administration,” Washington Post, November 20, 2016, Source.

Trump: “bad dudes, believe me, we’re gonna load it up”

  • “Trump: Load Guantanamo Bay Up with ‘Bad Dudes,’” YouTube video, 1:00, posted by Associated Press, February 23, 2016, Source.

2015 Senate amendment: all interrogation techniques must follow Army Field Manual

  • H.R. 1735, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, Introduced April 13, 2015, Source.

Mike Pompeo: “If experts believed current law was an impediment …”

  • Ashley Killough and Ted Barrett, “Pompeo Confirmed as CIA Chief,”, January 24, 2017, Source.

Mike Pompeo: calls for reversal on the limited restrictions on digital surveillance

  • Kate Tummarello, “New CIA Director Mike Pompeo Sparks Privacy Concerns,” Electronic Frontier Foundation website, January 24, 2017, Source.

Jeremy Scahill: “on matters related to intelligence and defense …”

  • Jeremy Scahill, “Notorious Mercenary Erik Prince Is Advising Trump from the Shadows,”, January 17, 2017, Source.

Washington Post: report on Erik Prince meeting with Russian officials in the Seychelles

  • Adam Entous, Greg Miller, Kevin Sieff, and Karen DeYoung, “Blackwater Founder Held Secret Seychelles Meeting to Establish Trump–Putin Back Channel,” Washington Post, April 3, 2017, Source.

US federal jury found four Blackwater employees guilty

  • US Department of Justice, “Four Former Blackwater Employees Found Guilty of Charges in Fatal Nisur Square Shooting in Iraq,” press release, October 22, 2014, Source.

Erik Prince: “secure land borders and so prevent migrants …”

  • Erik Prince, “A Public-Private Partnership Will Solve Europe’s Migrant Crisis,” Financial Times, January 3, 2017, Source.

No, They Don’t Need to Plan It

Daniel L. Bynam: “Trump’s actions and rhetoric add credibility …”

  • Daniel L. Byman, “Why Trump’s Policies Will Increase Terrorism—and Why Trump Might Benefit as a Result,” Brookings Institution website, January 30, 2017, Source.

isis: “blessed ban”

  • Joby Warrick, “Jihadist Groups Hail Trump’s Travel Ban as a Victory,” Washington Post, January 29, 2017, Source.

Iran’s foreign minister: “a gift to extremists”

  • “Iran Says Donald Trump’s Travel Ban Is a ‘Gift to Extremists,’” Financial Times, January 29, 2017, Source.

Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster: “un-Islamic”

  • Mark Landler and Eric Schmitt, “H.R. McMaster Breaks with Administration on Views of Islam,” New York Times, February 24, 2017, Source.

The Shock of War

Yemen: increased number of drone strikes

  • Dan De Luce and Paul McLeary, “Trump’s Ramped-Up Bombing in Yemen Signals More Aggressive Use of Military,” Foreign Policy, March 9, 2017, Source.

Iraq: deadly strikes with high civilian casualties

  • Tim Arango and Helene Cooper, “U.S. Investigating Mosul Strikes Said to Have Killed Up to 200 Civilians,” New York Times, March 24, 2017, Source.

Rex Tillerson: “all options are on the table”

  • Anne Gearan and Anna Fifield, “Tillerson Says ‘All Options Are on the Table’ When It Comes to North Korea,” Washington Post, March 19, 2017, Source.

Trump: “we will solve the problem without them! U.S.A.”

  • Donald Trump, tweet, posted by @realDonaldTrump, April 11, 2017, Source.

North Korean state media: “in the U.S. mainland”

  • Sue-Lin Wong and David Brunnstrom, “North Korea Warns of Nuclear Strike If Provoked; Trump ‘Armada’ Steams On,”, April 12, 2017, Source.

Trump: new nuclear “arms race”

  • Ed Pilkington and Martin Pengelly, “‘Let It Be an Arms Race’: Donald Trump Appears to Double Down on Nuclear Expansion,” Guardian, December 24, 2016, Source.

Trump: why can’t the US just use nuclear weapons?

  • Video available via: Matthew J. Belvedere, “Trump Asks Why US Can’t Use Nukes: MSNBC,”, August 3, 2016, Source.

Sheldon Adelson: “middle of the desert that doesn’t hurt a soul …”

  • “Sheldon Adelson Calls on Obama to Fire a Nuclear Weapon at Iran, Not Negotiate,” YouTube video, 6:45, posted by Philip Weiss, October 22, 2013, Source.

Adelson: $5 million donation to Trump’s inauguration, the largest ever

  • Nicholas Confessore, Nicholas Fandos, and Rachel Shorey, “Trump Inaugural Drew Big Dollars from Donors with Vested Interests,” New York Times, April 19, 2017, Source.

Mikhail Gorbachev: “the nuclear threat once again seems real …”

  • Mikhail Gorbachev, “Mikhail Gorbachev: ‘It All Looks as If the World Is Preparing for War,’” Time, January 26, 2017, Source.

Trump’s missile strike on Syria: illegal according to some experts

  • Alex Emmons, “Legal Experts Question Whether Trump’s Syria Strike Was Constitutional,”, April 7, 2017, Source.

Eric Trump: “If there was anything that Syria did …”

  • Simon Johnson Gordon Rayner, “Donald Trump’s Action in Syria Proves He Is Not in League with Putin, Says His Son Eric,” Daily Telegraph, April 11, 2017, Source.

Exxon’s Wars

Tillerson’s receives $180-million retirement package from Exxon

  • Associated Press, “Rex Tillerson Would Head to D.C. with $180 Million Retirement Package from Exxon,” Fortune, January 4, 2017, Source.

Tillerson excluded from decisions relating to ExxonMobil for two years

  • Nick Wadhams, “Tillerson Vow to Keep Away from Exxon Runs into World of Oil,”, February 1, 2017, Source.

Oil price rise after strike on Syria

  • Jessica Resnick-Ault, “Oil Rises after U.S. Missile Strike in Syria, Weekly Gain 3 Percent,”, April 7, 2017, Source.

Oil prices before and after the 2003 Iraq War

  • “Brent Crude Oil Prices, 1970–2017,”, Source.

Timeline of ExxonMobil oil sands investment

  • Nicholas Kusnetz, “Exxon’s Oil Sands Reserves: Now a Big Burden to Carry,” Inside Climate News, September 30, 2016, Source.

Russia largest exporter of natural gas and second-largest exporter of oil

  • Central Intelligence Agency, “Field Listing: Exports—Commodities,” The World Factbook, Source.

Prior to 2014, oil made up 50 percent of Russia’s budget revenues

  • James Henderson and Ekaterina Grushevenko, “Russia Oil Production Outlook to 2020,” Oxford Institute for Energy Studies website, February 2017, Source.

2015 World Bank data on Russia

  • World Bank, Russian Federation data, 1960–2015,, Source.

Alexander Temerko article on Russia, Syria, and oil prices

  • Alexander Temerko, “Putin’s Syria Strikes Are a Long-Term Play for Higher Oil Prices,” Guardian, October 10, 2015, Source.

Russia and Syria’s ports

  • Edward Delman, “The Link between Putin’s Military Campaigns in Syria and Ukraine,” Atlantic, October 2, 2015, Source.

Exxon–Rosneft deal worth $500 billion

  • Douglas Busvine and Vladimir Soldatkin, “Exxon, Rosneft Unveil $500 Billion Offshore Venture,”, April 18, 2012, Source.

Shell and Total back away from Arctic drilling

  • Robinson Meyer, “Will Any Oil Company Ever Drill in the Arctic?” Atlantic, March 17, 2016, Source.

Break-even price of Arctic oil

  • Hannah Hoag, “Arctic Development Stalls with Tumbling Oil Prices,” Huffington Post, January 22, 2016, Source.

Economic Shocks

Paul Krugman: “the shock doctrine is on full display”

  • Paul Krugman, “Shock Doctrine, U.S.A,” New York Times, February 24, 2017, Source.

Weather Shocks

Lag time between emissions and climate disruptions

  • Katharine L. Ricke and Ken Caldeira, “Maximum Warming Occurs About One Decade after Carbon Dioxide Emission,” Environmental Research Letters 9:12 (2014), accessed from: Source.

Rancher: “our Hurricane Katrina”

  • Jack Healy, “Burying Their Cattle, Ranchers Call Wildfires ‘Our Hurricane Katrina,’” New York Times, March 20, 2017, Source.

Luxury Disaster Response

New Yorker: “Doomsday Prep for the Super-Rich”

  • Evan Osnos, “Doomsday Prep for the Super-Rich,” New Yorker, January 30, 2017, Source.

Help Jet

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 499.

Manhattan condominium: “submarine-style”

  • Julie Satow, “The Generator Is the Machine of the Moment,” New York Times, January 11, 2013, Source.

Trump International Golf Links and Hotel in Ireland: wall

  • Caelainn Hogan, “Trump’s Other Wall: Is His Irish Resort a Sign He Believes in Climate Change?” Guardian, November 17, 2016, Source.

Evan Osnos: high-end survivalists are “hedging” against climate disruption

  • Evan Osnos, “Doomsday Prep for the Super-Rich,” New Yorker, January 30, 2017, Source.

Seasteading: “vote with your boat”

  • Seasteading Institute, “Vote with Your Boat,”, December 13, 2012, Source.

Peter Thiel: “not quite feasible”

  • Maureen Dowd, “Peter Thiel, Trump’s Tech Pal, Explains Himself,” New York Times, January 11, 2017, Source.

fema: “Foolishly Expecting Meaningful Aid”

  • Evan Osnos, “Doomsday Prep for the Super-Rich,” New Yorker, January 30, 2017, Source.

In fire-prone states, insurance companies provide a “concierge” service to their high-end clients

  • Kimi Yoshino, “Another Way the Rich Are Different: ‘Concierge-Level’ Fire Protection,” Los Angeles Times, October 26, 2007, Source.
  • “Wildfire Protection Unit,” American International Group, Inc., accessed April 16, 2017, Source.
  • Naomi Klein, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014), 52.

California wildfire fighting: inmates

  • California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, “Conservation (Fire) Camps,” accessed March 29, 2017, from Source.
  • OPEC Staff, “Homeowners Praise Inmate Firefighters for Battling Blazes,” California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation News, September 3, 2015, Source.

California savings with inmate wildfire fighters

  • Amanda Chicago Lewis, “The Prisoners Fighting California’s Wildfires,” Buzzfeed, October 30, 2014, Source.

I Don’t Feel Hot—Do You Feel Hot?

Steve King: “We can’t restore our civilization with somebody else’s babies”

  • Matthew Haag, “Steve King Says Civilization Can’t Be Restored with ‘Somebody Else’s Babies,’” New York Times, March 12, 2017, Source.

A World of Green Zones and Red Zones

13,000 people drowned in the Mediterranean

  • “Missing Migrants Project—Mediterranean,” International Organization for Migration website, accessed March 28, 2017, from Source.

Camp in Calais, France, nicknamed “the jungle”

  • Alice Whitwham, “Closing Calais,” Browsings: The Harpers Blog, February 3, 2017, Source.

Detention camps on the islands of Nauru and Manus: tantamount to torture

  • Amnesty International, Island of Despair: Australias Processing of Refugees on Nauru (London: Amnesty International, 2016), accessed from: Source.

Two refugees set themselves on fire on Nauru

  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation, “Nauru Refugee Who Set Herself Alight Arrives in Brisbane for Treatment,”, May 2, 2016, Source.
  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation, “Nauru Refugee Who Set Himself on Fire Dies in Brisbane Hospital,”, May 1, 2016, Source.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull: “We cannot be misty-eyed about this …”

  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation, “Turnbull Warns against Being ‘Misty-Eyed’ on Offshore Detention,”, April 26, 2016, Source.

Jets, Drones, and Boats

1.5 million people were internally displaced from drought in Syria

  • Colin P. Kelleya, Shahrzad Mohtadib, Mark A. Canec, Richard Seagerc, and Yochanan Kushnir, “Climate Change in the Fertile Crescent and Implications of the Recent Syrian Drought,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (2015), 3241–46.

John Kerry: drought was a factor in tensions in Syria

  • US Department of State, “Remarks at the Milan Expo 2015,” press release, October 17, 2015, accessed from Source.

Eyal Weizman: “astounding coincidence”

  • Naomi Klein, “Let Them Drown,” London Review of Books 38, no. 11 (June 2, 2016), Source.
  • Eyal Weizman and Fazal Sheikh, The Conflict Shoreline: Colonialism as Climate Change in the Negev Desert (Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2015), 99.

Center for Naval Analyses: “The Middle East has always been associated with two natural resources …”

  • CNA Corporation, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (Arlington, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2007), accessed from Source.

Trump: “bad hombres”

  • Vivian Salama, “Trump to Mexico: Take care of ‘bad hombres’ or US might,” Associated Press, February 2, 2017, Source.

Kellie Leitch: “Canadian values”

  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, “Conservative Canadian Politician Kelly Leitch Proposing That Immigrants Be Screened for ‘Canadian Values,’”, March 4, 2017, Source.

A Crisis of Imagination

Thomas Paine: “We have it in our power to begin the world over again”

  • Thomas Paine, Common Sense: Addressed to the Inhabitants of America (London: H.D. Symonds, 1792), 32.


  • Eduardo Galeano: “She’s on the horizon …”
  • Eileen Boris and Nupur Chaudhuri, Voices of Women Historians: The Personal, the Political, the Professional (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999), 84.


When the Shock Doctrine Backfires

Resistance, Memory, and the Limits to No

Mekasi Camp Horinek: “I want to say thank you …”

  • Alleen Brown, “Donald Trump Rewards Fossil Fuel Industry by Signing Climate Denial Executive Order,”, March 28, 2017, Source and author’s personal communication with Alleen Brown, n.d.

When Argentina Said No

Time magazine: Argentina’s economy a “miracle”

  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2007), 209.

Fernando de la Rúa “groups that are enemies of order …”

  • Naomi Klein, “Out of the Ordinary,” Guardian, January 25, 2003, Source.

Argentina: thirty-day state of siege

  • Clifford Krauss, “Reeling from Riots, Argentina Declares a State of Siege,” New York Times, December 20, 2001, Source.
  • Argentina protests: tens of thousands of people, “¡Que se vayan todos!”
  • Carlos Vilas, “Neoliberal Meltdown and Social Protest: Argentina 2001–2002,” Critical Sociology 32, no. 1 (2006): 163–86.
  • British Broadcasting Corporation, “Crisis Grips Argentina,” BBC website, December 20, 2001, Source.

Argentina: more than twenty demonstrators killed

  • Guido Galafassi, “Argentina on Fire: People’s Rebellion Facing the Deep Crisis of the Neoliberal Market Economy,” Democracy & Nature 8, no. 2 (2002): 331–35.
  • Argentina: 250 “asambleas barriales”
  • Naomi Klein, “Out of the Ordinary (Part Two),” Guardian, January 25, 2003, Source.

When Spain Said No

March 11, 2004: bombing death toll

  • Elaine Sciolino, “Bombings in Madrid: The Attack; 10 Bombs Shatter Trains in Madrid, Killing 192,” New York Times, March 12, 2004, Source.

José María Aznar: “No negotiation is possible …”

  • Francie Grace, “Spain Reels from Deadly Bombings,”, March 11, 2004, Source.

José Antonio Martines Soler: “We are still hearing the echoes of Franco …”

  • Elaine Sciolino, “The World: Franco’s Still Dead; In Spain’s Vote, a Shock from Democracy (and the Past),” New York Times, March 21, 2004, Source.

9/11 and the Perils of Official Forgetting

Great Depression: as many as two million Mexican and Mexican-Americans expelled

  • Francisco E. Balderrama and Raymond Rodriguez, Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006), 149–51.

Pearl Harbor: approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans incarcerated, two thirds born in the US

  • National Archives, “Japanese Relocation during World War II,” National Archives website, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.
  • Canada: almost the entire Japanese-Canadian citizenry interned
  • James H. Marsh, “Japanese Internment: Banished and Beyond Tears,” Canadian Encyclopedia, last edited November 28, 2016, Source.

Shock Resistance in the USA

  • Trump: “ghettos”
  • Sean Sullivan, “Trump Talks of ‘Ghettos’ in Describing Urban African American Areas,” Washington Post, October 27, 2016, Source.
  • Women’s marches: 600 cities, 4.2 million people
  • Sarah Frostenson, “The Women’s Marches May Have Been the Largest Demonstration in US History,” Vox, January 31, 2017, Source.
  • Grandmother in Hawaii: “I think we should march”
  • Laila Kearney, “Hawaii Grandma’s Plea Launches Women’s March in Washington,”, December 5, 2016, Source.
  • Women’s march mission statement: “This march is the first step …”
  • Women’s March, “Mission & Vision,”, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.

Demonstrators: “we are all Muslims” and “let them in”

  • Stephanie McCrummen, “New Citizens Take the Oath in Trump’s America,” Washington Post, January 29, 2017, Source.

Bodega strike: closed over a thousand businesses

  • Jamiles Lartey, “Yemeni Bodegas Close in New York in Protest at Trump Travel Ban,” Guardian, February 2, 2017, Source.

Islamic organizations: raised more than $160,000 in funds for Jewish cemeteries

  • “Campaign: Muslims Unite to Repair Jewish Cemetery” (crowdfunding campaign),, 2017, Source.
  • National Public Radio, “Muslim-Led Fundraiser to Help Vandalized Jewish Cemetery Be Repaired. Morning Edition,”, February 22, 2017, Source.

January 2017 Mosque shooting: death toll

  • “Quebec City mosque shooting victims include businessman, professor and fathers of young children,”, January 30, 2017, Source.

Hundreds of cities and counties: “sanctuaries”

  • Jasmine C. Lee, Rudy Omri, and Julia Preston, “What Are Sanctuary Cities?” New York Times, February 6, 2017, Source.

American Civil Liberties Union: raised nearly $80-million

  • Larry Neumeister and Michael R. Sisak, “ACLU Is Seeing a Trump-Era Surge in Members and Donations,”, February 12, 2017, Source.

ACLU: one thousand communities

  • ACLU, personal communication with author or her research assistants, April 19, 2017.

Day Without Immigrants organizer: “We want to make sure …”

  • Dan DiMaggio and Sonia Singh, “Tens of Thousands Strike on Day without Immigrants,” Labor Notes, February 23, 2017, Source.

Twelve restaurant workers fired in Oklahoma: offered jobs

  • Ethan Hutchins, “Claremore restaurant offers jobs to fired employees from “IDC” bar and grill,” February 20, 2017, Source.

The Revenge of Reality

White House: deleting scientific information

  • Victoria Herrmann, “I Am an Arctic Researcher. Donald Trump Is Deleting My Citations,” Guardian, March 28, 2017, Source.

White House: de facto ban on talking about climate change

  • Valerie Volcovici and P.J. Huffstutter, “Trump Administration Seeks to Muzzle U.S. Agency Employees,”, January 24, 2017, Source.

Internet Archive: hundreds of billions of webpages, set up a backup server in Canada

  • Amy Goodman, Brewster Kahle, and Laurie Allen, “Facing Possible Threats under Trump, Internet Archive to Build Server in Canada,” Democracy Now!, December 29, 2016, Source.

“Data rescue” events

  • Lisa Song and Zahra Hirji, “The Scramble to Protect Climate Data under Trump,” Inside Climate News, January 20, 2017, Source.

“Hackathon” at UC Berkeley: two hundred data defenders

  • Megan Molteni, “Diehard Coders Just Rescued NASA’s Earth Science Data,” Wired, February 13, 2017, Source.

Jane Goodall: “a trumpet call”

  • David Smith, “Jane Goodall Calls Trump’s Climate Change Agenda ‘Immensely Depressing,’”Guardian, March 29, 2017, Source.

March for Science: six hundred marches across the USA

  • Oliver Milman, “March for Science Puts Earth Day Focus on Global Opposition to Trump,” Guardian, April 22, 2017, Source.

Stanford biologist: “If we cannot discuss facts openly …”

  • James Dyke, “Scientists Are Planning to March on Washington. Here’s Why,” Guardian, January 27, 2017, Source.

Chant: “What do we want? Evidence-based research. When do we want it? After peer review.”

  • March for Science, tweet, posted by @march4scienceLA, April 7, 2017, Source.

Banner: “Climate, jobs, and justice.”

  • Peoples Climate Movement, website, accessed May 3, 2017, Source.

Harvard Resistance School: over fifty thousand people signed up

  • “Resistance School: How to Mobilize and Organize Our Communities with Sara El-Amine,” Harvard College website, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.
  • Resistance School, Facebook post, April 11, 2017, Source.
  • Over seven thousand “Indivisible” chapters
  • Doug Criss, “What Is Indivisible? Political Group Hopes to Be Flip Side of Tea Party,”, February 11, 2017, Source.
  • Indivisible organizer: “not just a political community, but a community that cares …”
  • Kate Aronoff, “Indivisible: The Left Group Shaking Up Congress from the Grassroots,” In These Times, February 13, 2017, Source and personal communication with author, n.d.

Planned Parenthood: 260,000 donors in the month after the election

  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, “Donations Pour into Planned Parenthood Thanks to Mike Pence,”, December 8, 2016, Source.

Mike Pence: “to the ash heap of history”

  • Jeremy Scahill, “Mike Pence Will Be the Most Powerful Christian Supremacist in U.S. History,”, November 15, 2016, Source.

United Resistance: “to take action to support one another …”

  • United Resistance, website, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.
  • Greenpeace, “More than 50 Organizations Launch United Resistance Campaign as Trump’s Cabinet Hearings Begin,” press release, January 10, 2017, Source.

Angela Davis: “The next 1,459 days of the Trump administration will be …’”

  • Lyndsey Matthews, “Here’s the Full Transcript of Angela Davis’s Women’s March Speech,” Elle, January 21, 2017, Source.

Letter from group of law professors: “reflect the very bigotry, xenophobia and nativist …”

  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, “UNB Law Profs Urge Immediate Action against Trump’s Refugee Policies,”, February 1, 2017, Source.

Mexico: tens of thousands of people protest Trump’s immigration policies

  • British Broadcasting Corporation, “Mexico Protesters March against Trump’s Immigration Policies,”, February 13, 2017, Source.

UK: nearly two million people signed an official petition

  • “Prevent Donald Trump from Making a State Visit to the United Kingdom,” UK government petition, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.

Trump: a ride in the golden royal carriage

  • Francis Elliott and Fiona Hamilton, “Trump Demands Gold-Plated Welcome,” Times (London), April 15, 2017, Source.

… and around the World

Barcelona: 100,000 people marched

  • Agence France-Presse, “Protesters in Barcelona Urge Spain to Take In More Refugees,” Guardian, February 18, 2017, Source.

Theodoros Karyotis: “endured five years of austerity shock treatment …”

  • Theodoros Karyotis, “Criminalizing Solidarity: Syriza’s War on the Movements,” Roar, July 31, 2016, Source.

Germany: proposals for housing migrants

  • Dagmar Breitenbach, “Creative Housing for Refugees—but a Cemetery?” Deutsche Welle, January 21, 2016, Source.

“Airbnb for refugees”

  • Aza Wee Sile, “This Non-profit Wants to Use the Sharing Economy to Ease Europe’s Refugee Crisis,”, August 18, 2016, Source.
  • Refugees Welcome, website, accessed April 1, 2017, Source.

New York Times: “the world’s most personal resettlement program”

  • Jodi Kantor and Katrin Einhorn, “Canadians Adopted Refugee Families for a Year. Then Came ‘Month 13.’” New York Times, March 25, 2017, Source.

Jesse Klaver: “Don’t try to fake the populace. Stand for your principles …”

  • Peter Foster and Senay Boztas, “Dutch Elections: Prime Minister Mark Rutte Calls for a ‘Stand against Geert Wilders’ Populism’ as Netherlands Goes to the Polls,” Associated Press via Daily Telegraph (London), March 15, 2017, Source.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon support and results

  • Ingrid Melander and Marine Pennetier, “French Left Must Agree a Candidate for Presidential Election—Hollande’s Party Chief,”, February 18, 2016, Source.
  • Seán Clarke and Josh Holder, “French Presidential Election: First Round Results in Charts and Maps,” Guardian, April 23, 2017, Source.

French election results

  • Gregor Aisch, Matthew Bloch, K.K. Rebecca Lai, and Benoît Morenne,“How France Voted,” New York Times, May 7, 2017, Source.


When No Was Not Enough

  • Street slogan: “We will not pay for your crisis!”
  • Amy Schrager Lang and Daniel Lang/Levitsky, Dreaming in Public: The Building of the Occupy Movement (Oxford: New Internationalist Publications, 2012), 43.

US: lost almost two million jobs

  • US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, “The Employment Situation: December 2008,” press release, January 9, 2009, Source.
  • US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, “The Employment Situation: January 2009,” press release, February 6, 2009, Source.

Obama: “the hard work and sacrifice of folks on Main Street …”

  • “Obama’s Speech in Canton, Ohio,” New York Times, October 27, 2008, Source.

Obama: pledged to put a price on carbon and to create five million green jobs

  • “Create 5 Million ‘Green’ Jobs,” Politifact, updated November 14, 2016, Source.
  • Barack Obama: “Remarks in Janesville, Wisconsin: ‘Keeping America’s Promise,’” February 13, 2008, The American Presidency Project, accessed May 18, 2017, Source.

Obama: “the planet began to heal”

  • “‘America, This Is Our Moment’: Sen. Barack Obama Clinches Democratic Nomination,” Democracy Now!, June 4, 2008, Source.

When the Banks Were on Their Knees

Stimulus plan: $800 billion

  • Jackie Calmes, “House Passes Stimulus Plan with No G.O.P. Votes,” New York Times, January 28, 2009, Source.

Stimulus plan criticized for being too small

  • Paul Krugman, “How Did We Know the Stimulus Was Too Small?” New York Times, July 28, 2010, Source.

The Jobs Revolution That Wasn’t

German government: created 400,000 jobs

  • Yi Xu, “Fact Sheet: Jobs in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency,” ed. Laura Small, Environmental and Energy Study Institute, December 23, 2014, Source.

Germany: 30 percent of energy comes from renewables

  • US Energy Information Administration, “Germany’s Renewables Electricity Generation Grows in 2015, but Coal Still Dominant,” Today in Energy, May 24, 2016, Source.

Howard Zinn: “The really critical thing isn’t …”

  • Howard Zinn, Terrorism and War (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002), 110.

Remembering When We Leapt

1911 fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in New York City: death toll

  • “The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire,” Occupational Safety and Health Administration website, accessed April 18, 2017, Source.

When Utopia Lends a Hand

  • Gilded Age strikers: “cooperative commonwealth”
  • Alex Gourevitch, From Slavery to the Cooperative Commonwealth: Labor and Republican Liberty in the Nineteenth Century (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), Source.

Robin D.G. Kelley: “black-led biracial democratic, populist, and radical movements”

  • Robin D.G. Kelley, “Births of a Nation,” Boston Review, March 6, 2017, Source.

Upton Sinclair: 900,000 votes

  • Upton Sinclair, I, Candidate for Governor: And How I Got Licked (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1934), x.

Milan Kundera: “the struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting”

  • Milan Kundera, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting (New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 1999), 4.

Trapped in the Matrix

Junot Díaz: “Those of us whose ancestors were owned …”

  • Junot Díaz, “Under President Trump, Radical Hope Is Our Best Option,” New Yorker, November 21, 2016, Source.

Oscar Wilde: “A map of the world that does not include Utopia …”

  • Oscar Wilde, The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde: Stories, Plays, Poems and Essays (New York: Harper Collins, 1989), 1089.


Lessons from Standing Rock: Daring to Dream

Missouri River: drinking water for 17 million people

  • Jan Hasselman, “Why It’s Right to Keep the Brakes on the Dakota Access Oil Pipeline,” Washington Post, November 2, 2016, Source.

“Mni Wiconi”—in English, “water is life”

  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, Mni WiconiWater Is Life (video), Stand with Standing Rock website, accessed April 19, 2017, Source.

Standing Rock: 750 people arrested

  • Blake Nicholson, “UN Official: Tribe Not Properly Heard in Pipeline Dispute,”, March 3, 2017, Source.

Two thousand military veterans arrive in Standing Rock

  • Ben Klayman, “More than 2,000 Veterans Acting as Human Shields at Standing Rock Protests,” Independent (London), December 1, 2016, Source.

Veterans: “to serve and protect”

  • Louise Boyle, “Exclusive: The Veterans Who’ve Joined Dakota Access Protests to ‘Serve and Protect’ Activists and Have Already Rescued Native Americans’ ‘Stolen’ Canoes,” Daily Mail (London), December 3, 2016, Source.

Peaceful Indigenous water protectors brutally attacked

  • Julia Carrie Wong and Sam Levin, “Standing Rock Protesters Hold Out against Extraordinary Police Violence,” Guardian, November 29, 2016, Source.

The network of camps: roughly ten thousand people

  • British Broadcasting Corporation, “Dakota Access Pipeline: Is the Standing Rock Movement Defeated?”, February 9, 2017, Source.

Learning by Living

LaDonna Brave Bull Allard: “My grandkids can’t believe …”

  • Interview with author, December 2016

Cody Two Bears: “We taught them how to grow food …”

  • Author’s reporting, December 2016

Age of the Protectors

Wesley Clark Jr.: “Many of us, me particularly …”

  • Nadia Prupis, “Native Leaders Formally Forgive Veterans in Emotional Ceremony,” CommonDreams, December 6, 2017, Source.

A Path through Anger

Bismarck: majority-white population

  • United States Census Bureau, “QuickFacts: North Dakota,”, accessed April 19, 2017, Source.

Winona LaDuke: “This is a moment of extreme corporate rights …”

  • Winona LaDuke, “The Beginning Is Near: The Deep North, Evictions and Pipeline Deadlines,” Indian Country News, November 29, 2016, Source.

Global Witness: “More than three people were killed a week in 2015 …”

  • Global Witness, On Dangerous Ground (London: Global Witness, June 2016), Source.

Roughly $80 million pulled from the banks invested in the DAPL

  • Julia Carrie Wong, “Private Investor Divests $34.8m from Firms Tied to Dakota Access Pipeline,” Guardian, March 1, 2017, Source.
  • Julia Carrie Wong, “Dakota Access Pipeline: ING Sells Stake in Major Victory for Divestment Push,” Guardian, March 21, 2017, Source.

Tokata Iron Eyes: “Like I have my future back”

  • Naomi Klein, “The Lesson from Standing Rock: Organizing and Resistance Can Win,” Nation, December 4, 2016, Source.


Red Lines

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous people: “free, prior and informed consent”

  • United Nations, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (New York: United Nations, March 2008), Source.

In It Together

Bianca Mugyenyi: “The refugee flows we’re seeing now are just a glimpse …”

  • Marienna Pope-Weidemann, “2016: Time to Take the Leap,” New Internationalist, February 5, 2016, Source.

Energy Reparations

Roughly half of Germany’s renewable energy facilities are community controlled

  • Naomi Klein, This Changes Everything (Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 2014), 131.

Denmark in 2000: 85 percent of wind turbines owned by small players

  • International Renewable Energy Agency, “Denmark: 30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy”, accessed April 19, 2017, Source.

Denmark exports surplus to Germany and Sweden in summer

  • Arthur Nelsen, “Wind Power Generates 140% of Denmark’s Electricity Demand,” Guardian, July 10, 2015, Source.

Yes, We Can Afford to Save Ourselves

$775 billion globally: fossil fuel subsidies

  • “No Time to Waste: The Urgent Need for Transparency in Fossil Fuel Subsidies,” Oil Change International, May 15, 2012, Source.

$650 billion globally: from financial transaction tax

  • European Parliament Resolution, “Innovative Financing at a Global and European Level,” March 8, 2011, Source.

$45 billion globally: one percent billionaire’s tax

  • United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Economic and Social Survey 2012: In Search of New Development Finance (New York: United Nations, 2012), 44.

$450 billion annually: from $50 tax per metric ton of CO2 in developed countries

  • “Mobilizing Climate Science: A Paper Prepared at the Request of G20 Finance Ministers,” World Bank Group, October 6, 2011, p.15, Source.

$325 billion: from cutting top ten military spenders globally by 25 percent

  • Calculations based on numbers from:
  • Sam Perlo-Freeman, Elisabeth Sköns, Carina Solmirano,
  • and Helén Wilandh, “Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2012,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute fact sheet, April 2013, Source.

Yes to the Yes

Yann Martel: “be shouted in every square by every town crier this country has”

  • Yann Martel, personal correspondence with author.

Exploding the Box


  • “Leap Manifesto Gets Poor Marks for Timing and Content, Otherwise Fine,” Editorial, Globe and Mail (Toronto), September 15, 2015, Source.

“National suicide”

  • Conrad Black, “Conrad Black: Few Will Support Naomi Klein’s Revolution, Thankfully Sparing Us from National Suicide,” National Post (Toronto), September 19, 2015, Source.

National poll on Leap: majority of Liberals, NDPs, Greens; 20 percent of Conservatives

  • EKOS Politics, “Wise Crowds and the Future,”, April 26, 2016, Source.

Alicia Garza: “whether it be Occupy Wall Street …”

  • “Inauguration 2017 Special Coverage w/ Angela Davis, Naomi Klein, Ralph Nader & More,” transcript of live video coverage, Democracy Now!, January 20, 2017, Source.

Vision for Black Lives: “We reject false solutions …”

  • The Movement for Black Lives, “Platform,” The Movement for Black Lives website, accessed April 19, 2017, Source.

Atlantic: “rivals even political-party platforms in thoroughness”

  • Vann R. Newkirk II, “The Permanence of Black Lives Matter,” Atlantic, August 3, 2016, Source.

Coalition: “In the context of Trump’s presidency …”

  • “Beyond the Moment Launch’s April 4th in More than 50 Cities Nationwide!” Beyond the, April 4, 2017, Source.

Reverend William Barber: “You have to build a movement, not a moment …”

  • Rev. J. Mark Worth, “The Case for Hope” (sermon, Harvard Unitarian Universalist Church, Harvard, MA, March 19, 2017), Source.

Conclusion—The Caring Majority within Reach

Jean-Claude Servais: “The hour calls for optimism …”

  • Author’s translation. Original text (French):
  • (international website on anarchist posters), Source.

The Choice

Michelle Obama: “When they go low, we go high”

  • National Public Radio, “READ: Michelle Obama’s Speech at 2016 Democratic National Convention,”, July 26, 2016, Source.

Reverse Shock

Rev. William Barber: “to be the moral defibrillators …”

  • Rev. J. Mark Worth, “The Case for Hope” (sermon, Harvard Unitarian Universalist Church, Harvard, MA, March 19, 2017), Source.